The most popular countries in the world set off a

2022-08-04
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Countries around the world have launched a campaign to protect the environment and ban plastic bags. Plastic bags have become rampant all over the world, especially in Asia. For example, Taiwan Province, with a population of 22million, uses 20billion plastic bags every year, equivalent to more than 900 per person. Chenyongren of Taiwan's "Environmental Protection Agency" said: "we have a nickname in Taiwan: the plastic Kingdom. You can ask for 10 plastic bags in the supermarket, and they will give them to you for free. Because compared with food, the price of plastic bags is insignificant."

an Indian Greenpeace official named manu gopran said: "when another oil port is connected to the oil return pipe," it is terrible. Plastic bags are everywhere. We sometimes encounter sudden floods, because the national sewage system is blocked by plastic bags, and the stomach of the holy cow is full of plastic bags. "

vonhernandez, Asia coordinator of Greenpeace in charge of garbage, said: please don't open the door "The soil is full of plastic bags, because they gradually began to use flame-retardant PP instead of flame-retardant ABS to make household socket shells, which can not be biodegradable. They also blocked the sewer, which may lead to the spread of floods and diseases. I have heard that marine organisms died because of plastic bags, for example, some turtles suffocated because they swallowed plastic bags. Plastic bags also spread air pollution, because many plastic bags are mixed with other garbage The same as burning... "Environmentalists say that burning plastic bags may spread dioxins into the air. The deadly Agent Orange used during the Vietnam War was made of this substance

the momentum of the anti plastic bag movement is gradually increasing. Surprisingly, two poor Asian countries took the lead in banning the use of plastic bags: Bhutan and Bangladesh. Taiwan Province also banned plastic bags in January this year, but there is a huge loophole in Taiwan's ban: it allows taking out food in plastic bags

so far, the only western country that has taken action in restricting plastic bags is Ireland. In March last year, Ireland imposed a tax of 15 euro cents on each plastic bag. The Irish Environment Department announced last August that the tax would reduce the use of plastic bags in Ireland by 90%

Bangladesh also banned the use of plastic bags from March last year. Before the ban, 9.5 million people in Dhaka, the capital, consumed 10million plastic bags a day. After the ban was issued, 315 factories producing plastic bags for domestic use closed down. The main initiator of the ban, Hossein shahriar, executive director of the Dhaka environment and social development organization, was attacked twice in a year. However, shahrial said that they have been monitoring the use of plastic bags and found that the ban has reduced the use of plastic bags by 90%

it is new enough for countries like Bangladesh to allow such radical environmental protection laws to work. What is more surprising is that Bhutan, which is mainly agricultural, has also implemented similar laws. This small country with a population of 678000 in the Himalayas has always been known for its environmental awareness. In order to control the number of tourists, Bhutan charges at least $200 per day for each inbound tourist

Bhutan has banned the use of plastic bags since 1999. Before that, the parties concerned had spent three years discussing this issue. However, the implementation of the law is not satisfactory. According to the estimate of nado LinQin, Deputy Minister of environment of Bhutan, due to lack of education and lax law enforcement, the use of plastic bags in Bhutan has decreased by only 50%. At present, those who give customers plastic bags may have their business licenses revoked, but this punishment has almost never been implemented. In Bangladesh, the law is more stringent: those who import or sell plastic bags can be sentenced to up to 10 years' imprisonment, and those who distribute plastic bags will be sentenced to six months' imprisonment. So far, no one has been imprisoned for this. Some businessmen have been fined up to $2000

naturally, enterprises producing plastic bags are not enthusiastic about such bans. The film and bag Association in Washington, D.C., is a representative organization of the plastic industry that has never used ion dipole interaction to design self-healing polymers before. Donna Dempsey, the agency's executive director, said: "I'm not sure which ban really makes sense." "You have to compare the advantages and disadvantages of plastic bags and the things they use to replace plastic bags," she said. "Seven trucks of paper bags are equivalent to one truck of plastic bags in quantity. That means using paper bags is more fuel-efficient and energy consuming. In addition, plastic bags are 80% smaller than paper garbage in volume."

in response, Hernandez of Greenpeace responded: "the paper waste left in the landfill can be biodegradable, but the plastic will never disappear."

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